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Spanish (español), also known as Castilian (castellano), is the third most-spoken language (around 500 million speakers) in the world. Originating in Spain and spoken by most residents there, it has slightly different pronunciations from the rest of the world's Spanish speakers, as well as a few vocabulary differences.
Pronunciation - The vowels in Spanish are short crisp sounds. They are not dragged out like the
English vowels: a = like 'a' in "father", e = like 'ay' in "pay" or 'ai' in
"hail" when stressed; may take on more of a 'e' in "pet" sound when unstressed.
i = like 'ee' in "see". o = like 'o' in "stone". u = like 'u' in "rule". y =
like 'ee' in "see". Very rarely used at the middle or ending of words.
r, rr = Spanish has two 'r' sounds both of which are different from their counterpart in English. Some effort should be made to approximate each of them, to help listeners distinguish between perro ("dog") and pero ("but")... or perhaps to understand you at all: single r: This sound is created by putting the tip of the tongue up against where the front of the roof of the mouth meets the upper teeth, very similar to the action English speakers make to pronounce l or d. To an English-speaking ear, it may sound a bit like a combined "d-r". Take care to pronounce r separately when it follows a consonant; a blended English tr will not be recognized in the Spanish word otro ("other"), which should be pronouced more like "OHT-roh". rolled r: Written "r" at the beginning of the word, or "rr" between vowels (cerro). It's a multiply vibrating sound. Whereas most English speakers can learn to tap out a single r, many adults learning Spanish find this sound impossible to produce; in this case, pronouncing it like a Spanish r or fumbling out a d-r will be better understood than pronouncing it like a long English r. If a word is marked with an accent, then that syllable receives the stress.
|Please||Por favor,||POHR fah-BOHR|
|I do not speak Spanish||no hablo español||noh AH-bloh ehs-pah-NYOL|
|I do not understand||No entiendo||NOH ehn-TYEHN-doh|
|Good evening / Good night||Buenas noches||BWEH-nahs NOH-chehs|
|Good morning||buenos días||BWEH-nohs DEE-ahs|
|You're welcome||De nada||DAY NAH-dah|
|What is your name?||Cómo se llama usted?||KOH-moh SAY YAH-mah oos-TEHD?|
|My name is Emma Brown||Me llamo es Emma Brown||MEH YAH-moh Emma Brown|
|How are you?||Cómo estás?||KOH-moh ehs-TAHS?|
|I am very well thank you||Estoy muy bien, gracias||Es-toy MOO-ee byehn, GRAH-syahs|
|I am from Spain||Yo soy de España||Yo soy de Es-pan-ya|
|Where is the toilet?||Dónde está el baño?||DOHN-deh ehss-TAH EHL BAH-nyoh?|
|What time is it?||Qué hora es?||Ke ora es?|
|It is ten o'clock||Son las diez||Son las dee-EHS|
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